The US FDA requires a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) medication guide for Testosterone. For Testosterone Undecanoate, REMS includes elements to assure safe use and implementation system . For additional information: /REMS
US BOXED WARNINGS :
Pulmonary Oil Microembolism (POME) Reactions And Anaphylaxis :
-Serious POME reactions, involving urge to cough, dyspnea, throat tightening, chest pain, dizziness, and syncope; and episodes of anaphylaxis, including life-threatening reactions, have been reported to occur during or immediately after the administration of testosterone undecanoate injection. These reactions can occur after any injection of testosterone undecanoate during the course of therapy, including after the first dose.
-Following each injection of testosterone undecanoate observe patients in the healthcare setting for 30 minutes in order to provide appropriate medical treatment in the event of serious POME reactions or anaphylaxis.
Secondary Exposure To Topical Testosterone :
-Virilization has been reported in children who were secondarily exposed to topical testosterone products.
-Children should avoid contact with unwashed or unclothed application sites in men using testosterone topical.
-Healthcare providers should advise patients to strictly adhere to recommended instructions for use.
Safety and efficacy have not been established in patients younger than 18 years.
Testosterone Enanthate and Testosterone Implant are indicated for delayed puberty in adolescent patients.
Testosterone Cypionate: Safety and efficacy have not been established in patients younger than 12 years.
Consult WARNINGS section for additional precautions.
Androgens are responsible for the growth spurt of adolescence and for the eventual termination of linear growth, which is brought about by fusion of the epiphyseal growth centers. In children, exogenous androgens accelerate linear growth rates but may cause a disproportionate advancement in bone maturation. Use over long periods may result in fusion of the epiphyseal growth centers and termination of growth process. Androgens have been reported to stimulate the production of red blood cells by enhancing the production of erythropoeitic stimulating factor. During exogenous administration of androgens,Â endogenous testosterone Â release is inhibited through feedback inhibition of pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH).
The partition coefficient of the ester in question is important because is effects how long the drug itself stays in the system. If the testosterone transfers too quickly from the oil to the blood, the result is a sudden spike in testosterone which then rapidly drops once the dose has been used up. In the example of free testosterone injected into the muscle from a water suspension (as in Aquiviron, mentioned above), the testosterone is essentially immediately available to the bloodstream due to its low partition coefficient, and thus there is an immediate spike of testosterone which is used up quickly in the body.